Public and economic policy in the EU (POLITICI FUNCȚIONALE EUROPENE RISE3)
The general aims of the course is to provide a detailed and critical understanding of what European Union does in the different policy fields, to channel this knowledge through the wider context of economics and public policy analysis, and to enable students to develop analytical and theoretical skills that provide the foundations for higher degrees or that can be transferred directly into non-academic careers. Written papers and class presentations will encourage students to develop practical skills such the ability to plan and work independently and to summarise and elucidate an issue. More specifically, the objectives are three-fold: 1. DESCRIPTIVE: To provide a detailed account of what the EU does in the different policy fields, from the single market to foreign policy, and the central issues at stake in this critical stage in the development of the EU. 2. THEORETICAL/ANALYTICAL: To locate this empirical information within the student’s understanding and use of general theoretical explanations in public policy analysis. Among other things, these theories help us explain: Why is it so difficult to keep inflation at a desirable level for all Euro-zone members? Why do so many member states have excessive deficits? Why is the Common Agricultural Policy so difficult to reform? 3. CRITICAL/NORMATIVE: To develop a critical/normative approach to many of the questions facing Europe’s citizens and political leaders in the next decade. E.g. How should EMU work? Should the stability and Growth Pact be reformed? Should there be more or less EU social and environmental regulation?
1. Introduction to the European Union. Institutions and policy-making. 2. The Single Market: Theory and Practice: The theory of economic integration. The economics of the single market. Factor mobility. Measuring the economic impact of European integration. 3. Economic and Monetary Union: The theory of monetary integration. The development of EU economic and monetary integration. The operation of EMU. 4. Single Market policies: Competition policy. Industrial and competitiveness policy: the Lisbon Strategy. Tax harmonization. Transport policy. Energy policy and energy markets. Environmental policy. 5. EU Budget and Structural Policies: The general budget. The Common Agricultural Policy. Common Fisheries policy. Regional policy. Social policies: the employment dimension. 6. Interior policies: Justice. Home affairs (immigration, asylum, Schengen). Citizens rights. 7. External relations and foreign affairs: External trade policy. The EU and the developing world. Enlargement. Common Foreign and Security Policy.
El-Agraa, A. (2015) The European Union Illuminated: Its Nature, Importance and Future. Palgrave Macmillan. Chapters 4-6; El-Agraa, A.M. (2011) The European Union: economics and policies, Ninth edition. Cambridge University Press. Chapters 6-25; European Parliament EU Fact Sheets; Hix, S. and B. Hoyland (2011) The Political System of the European Union, 3rd edition. Palgrave Macmillan. Chapters 8-12; Wallace, H., M.A. Pollack, and A.R. Young (eds) (2014) Policy-Making in the European Union, Seventh edition. Oxford University Press; Artis, M., and Nixson, F. (2007) The Economics of the European Union: Policy and Analysis. Oxford University Press.